Laser Treatment for Tattoos
It is more and more frequent to have decorative tattoos applied. However the need to eliminate them for social or professional reasons is also increasing. Formerly, tattoos were removed using aggressive methods such as electrocoagulation or dermabrasion, non-specific procedures that removed the tattooed skin causing subsequent scarring. Currently, laser technology is used to efficiently eliminate tattoos without damaging the surrounding skin.
Factors that influence laser tattoo removal
In order to establish treatment, a personalised evaluation of each patient should be performed. The colour, type of tattoo and its location on the body are variables that condition the results:
- Black ink: Black absorbs almost every wavelength very well. The ideal laser is the 1064Nm wavelength Neodymium-Yag Q-Switched, as it is the most penetrating, although the 755Nm Alejandrita laser can also be effective. The difficulty of this colour lies in its high density and stability.
- Blue, green inks and tones mixed with these colours: the absorption peak of these colours and their composition are variable and are basically conditioned by the content in titanium oxide or zinc, which are the most difficult pigments to eliminate. The most appropriate lasers are the Rubi Q-Switched (in virtual disuse), the polymer lasers which emit at 650Nm and especially the Alejandrita Q-Switched.
- Yellow and red inks: Good and fast results are obtained with the 532 Nm. Q-Switched unit.
Type of tatto
- Professional tattoo: Requires a greater number of sessions, approximately 10, due to the permanence of the pigments used and the greater density and depth.
- Amateur tattoo: These types of tattoos are drawn with more unstable inks, such as Indian ink, so the amount of pigment is less and more superficial. They require an average of six sessions for complete elimination.
- Micropigmentation: If it is applied correctly, micropigmentation is the easiest to remove. It requires an average of three sessions for removal. However, if they are deep, the removal is more difficult.
- Traumatic tattoos: these are frequent after road accidents, due to the abrasion of the asphalt or gunpowder explosions. They are easily removed after one or two sessions.
The areas in which the skin is thinner and the ink is closer to the surface of the skin are body locations which need a less number of sessions:
- Female neckline.
In areas such as legs, arms and back, the tattoo ink is deeper and the skin is thicker, requiring more sessions.
Tattoo elimination at IML
Application on the area of an anaesthetic cream is recommended an hour before treatment. The Dermatologist will adjust the parameters of the type of laser selected and will start to discharge on the tattoo. The laser acts by fractioning the pigment particles and chemically altering them, making them less visible to the human eye. These particles are reabsorbed by our organism through cells (macrophages) and subsequently eliminated through lymphatic drainage.
Once the session is concluded, which is in general fast thanks to the laser that emits 10Hz (that is, 10 impacts per second), an antibiotic ointment is applied and the area covered with an occlusive dressing. Cures should be performed daily until the skin is recovered from the lesion. The appearance of slight inflammation, bruising and on occasion, small blisters caused by the explosion of pigment under the skin are all normal manifestations.
After the first week, the treated area can be uncovered, although it should be protected from the sun and a cream containing musk rose oil should be applied. The following session should be carried out at least a month and a half after the first one, so that the organism can regenerate the skin and the lymph system can gather the pigment fragmented in the previous session.
Would you like more information about tattoo removal treatment? Contact Instituto Medico Laser now.